Dandruff

WhatIs ?

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WhatCauses ?

Clinical Presentations Of

Complication Of

Treatment Options For

Prevention Of

What Is Dandruff?

Dandruff (Seborrheic Dermatitis) is scalp flakiness and/or an inflammatory skin condition due to overgrowth of skin fungus. It is the most common cause of dermatitis (eczema-type) in adults. It can also cause diaper eczema in infants.

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Dandruff
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Dandruff
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Dandruff
What Causes Dandruff?
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis is due to abnormal sebum composition (oily, greasy products of skin oil glands) or due to sebum overproduction as well as over growth of Malassezia furfur (P. ovale), a form of skin fungus infection.
  • Extensive & therapy-resistant Seborrheic Dermatitis is a sign of HIV infection, Parkinson’s disease, & or mood disorders
Clinical Presentations Of Dandruff
Complication Of Dandruff
  • It may be associated with tinea versicolor infection and Pityrosporum folliculitis
  • It may cause fungemia (blood fungal infection) in neonates receiving intravenous lipid emulsions
Treatment Options for Dandruff
  • Over the counter medications
    • Selsun Blue 1% shampoo apply for 10 minutes to scalp, 3 times per week for 10 weeks
    • Head & Shoulder shampoo
  • Prescription
    • Topical medications
      • Ketoconazole 2% cream or shampoo
      • Zinc pyrithione and tar shampoo
      • Ciclopirox cream or shampoo
      • Selsun Blue 2.5% shampoo
      • Low potency topical corticosteroid or calcineurin inhibitors
  • Systemic therapy
Prevention Of Dandruff

Regular use of anti-dandruff shampoo including Nizoral, Head & Shoulder, Selsun Blue or Ciclopirox shampoo

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Dandruff (Seborrheic Dermatitis) is scalp flakiness and/or an inflammatory skin condition due to overgrowth of skin fungus. It is the most common cause of dermatitis (eczema-type) in adults. It can also cause diaper eczema in infants.