Ringworm

WhatIs ?

Photos

WhatCauses ?

Clinical Presentations Of

Complication Of

Treatment Options For

Prevention Of

What Is Ringworm?

Ringworm or tinea corporis is due to skin fungus infection. Patients usually also have concurrent onychomycosis (toenail fungus infection) or tinea pedis (athlete’s feet)

Photos

Ringworm samples - remotederm
Ringworm
Ringworm - remote derm
Ringworm
Ringworm - Remotederm
Ringworm
What Causes Ringworm?

The most common cause of skin fungus infections are Microsporum, Trichophyton and Epidermophyton. The fungus can be transmitted from human to human (anthrophilic) or directly from animal to human (zoophilic). In general, anthrophilic infections tend to follow less inflammatory and more chronic course, whereas zoophilic ones are more inflammatory and more acute. The risk factors for fungus infections includes occupational or recreational exposure (military housing, gym, locker rooms, outdoor occupations, wrestling), contact with contaminated fomites & immunosuppression.

Clinical Presentations Of Ringworm

It presents as well demarcated erythematous (red) scaly (flaky) annular (round), oval plaques with multiple minute pustules (fluid filled) at the peripheral rim. It tends to affects the trunk and extremities, mostly due to Trichophyton rubrum.

Complication Of Ringworm

Secondary superficial bacterial infection is a common complications of non-treated fungus infection.

Treatment Options for Ringworm
  • Over the counter medications
    • Miconazole or Clotrimazole application twice a day
  • Prescription
    • Topical medications
      • Glycolic acid, lactic acid or urea reduce the amount of hyperkeratosis
    • Systemic therapy
      • Terbinafine or Itraconazole daily treatment
      • Fluconazole weekly treatment
Prevention Of Ringworm
    • Avoid direct skin contact with patients who have active skin infection
    • Maintain proper hygiene while visiting public places including military housing, gym, or locker rooms

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Ringworm or tinea corporis is due to skin fungus infection. Patients usually also have concurrent onychomycosis (toenail fungus infection) or tinea pedis (athlete’s feet)