What is a genital wart?
Genital warts are skin infectious diseases that belong to the group of sexually transmitted diseases (STD). The condition is transmitted through direct skin-to-skin contact with an infected person as well as sexual intercourse between people. The main cause is a type of DNA virus called HPV or human papilloma.
The disease is highly contagious and usually spreads quickly through first sexual contact.
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The most common age of genital warts:
With the change of sexual patterns and habits of people in today’s societies, unfortunately, the age of onset of this disease has dramatically decreased and reached the limit of 12 years. The condition is equally prevalent in men and women, and the risk of developing the disease is very high between the ages of 12 and 35 when people are usually sexually active. It is even possible for children to get the disease. The following factors should be considered in children with genital warts, especially in children under two years of age:
Direct contact of infected hands with baby skin
Direct transmission during vaginal birth in mom who have active genital warts
The symptoms of genital warts in men and women are as follows:
Genital warts are prominent, firm, and solid fleshy cauliflower lesions around the genital area as well as anus which be in the form of scattered small single lesions or larger bumps in the form of clusters of lesions. Genital warts are often skin color, but in some cases may be darker or lighter than the person’s skin color. In people who have had oral sex, these lesions may have formed around the mouth, tongue, lips, and throat.
Genital warts can cause itching and burning sensation at the wart site
If the lesions are located in the urinary tract, they can cause bleeding, pain, and urinary tract obstruction.
Diagnosis of genital warts:
Dermatologist are able to diagnosis the genital warts based on their shape, color, presentation as well as the sexual history of each individuals.
Genital warts may be obvious on penis shaft or gland or located around anus, mons pubis, groin or scrotum area. Female patients who got infected with warts through sexual intercourse may have lesion inside vaginal cannel or over cervix, it is very important to have updated pap smear.
Prevention of genital warts:
The best way to prevent this disease is through avoiding unprotected sexual activity. If someone is infected, he or she should avoid sexual activity till they are completely treated. HPV vaccine is also an important way to achieve protection against HPV virus which can also prevents uterine cancer.
Ways to treat genital warts:
Genital warts are treatable, and there are several treatments available to treat and eliminate them. If you have genital warts, first of all, you should stay calm and see a specialist immediately.
Many people may be embarrassed to see a doctor, but you should know that the sooner you start treating your genital warts, the easier it will be to treat. It is usually recommended to use wart ointment to control and treat this disease.
In general, the following treatments are considered for all types of genital warts:
- Topical medications include retinoids, salicylic acids, efudex, imiquimod, …
- Cryotherapy (freezing with liquid nitrogen)
- Burning with an electrocautery
- laser therapy
Genital warts are one of the relatively common types of warts. In this article, we discussed the symptoms of this disease, methods of diagnosis, and treatment. If you have contracted this skin virus, I suggest you see a dermatologist at RemoteDerm. RemoteDerm is a virtual dermatology clinic that can help you treat many skin problems. Thank you for following this article.